Stone Disease

North Florida Urology Associates

Urologists located in Gainesville, FL & Ocala, FL

If you’ve had a kidney stone in the past, you know the pain is often excruciating and medical attention is critical to your comfort while passing the stone. Perinchery Narayan, MD, Matthew Loughlin, MD, and the team of expert urologists at North Florida Urology Associates provide diagnosis and treatment for stone disease at their offices in Gainesville, Ocala, The Villages, St. Augustine, and Palatka, Florida. If you think you have a kidney or a urethral stone, you don’t need to suffer through it. Call North Florida Urology Associates or schedule an appointment online today.

Stone Disease Q & A

What is stone disease?

Stone disease affects over 5% of American adults. It’s a condition where mineral deposits build up in your kidneys and form crystalized stones. In many cases, the stones are microscopic and pass out of your body without you ever knowing. However, if the stone is larger, it can cause significant pain as it moves through your urinary tract or lead to other complications if it obstructs the connection between your kidney and ureter or another point in your urinary tract.

What are the symptoms of stone disease?

The most prevalent symptom of stone disease is a pain in your back and abdomen. You may have continuous pain, or it may come and go in waves. Other symptoms of a kidney stone include:

  • Cloudy or bloody urine
  • Foul smelling urine
  • Persistent or urgent need to urinate
  • More frequent urination, but only small amounts
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever


It’s possible that your pain will move and your symptoms will change as the stone moves through your urinary tract.

What causes stone disease?

Stone disease generally begins in your kidneys, which are two bean-shaped organs that filter waste products and excess water out of your blood. When you have high levels of calcium, oxalate, and uric acid in your blood and not enough water, your kidneys may not be able to process these substances efficiently and crystals form.

The risk factors for stone disease include:

  • Personal or family history of stone disease
  • Dehydration
  • High-protein, high-salt, or high-sugar diets
  • Obesity


Your risk is also higher if you have health conditions like inflammatory bowel disease, renal tubular acidosis, or hyperparathyroidism.

How is stone disease diagnosed?

Your doctor at North Florida Urology Associates asks you about your symptoms and performs a physical exam. They may order some blood and urine tests to check for elevated levels of calcium or uric acid. Your doctor may also use ultrasound or other imaging tests to check for stones and locate them in your urinary tract.

How is stone disease treated?

The urologists at North Florida Urology Associates provide customized treatments to relieve your pain and help your stone pass quickly. They advise you to drink more water to flush out your system and take pain relievers to manage your discomfort.

Your doctor can also prescribe medication to relax the muscles in your ureter to help you pass the stone more quickly and with less pain. If your stone is large, your urologist can suggest sound wave therapy to break your stone into smaller pieces that can pass more easily. They may also suggest a minimally invasive surgical procedure to remove the stone.

If you think you have a kidney stone, call or make an appointment online today at North Florida Urology Associates for expert medical care.